臺灣長期發展國際貿易，成為全球重要之航運國家。然而，在全球航運高度競爭下，臺灣航運優勢日漸下滑，以高雄港為例，2000年為全球第4大世界貨櫃港，但2020年滑落至第15名。 為提高航運產業競爭力，世界各大商港如倫敦、新加坡、香港、鹿特丹已自傳統航運中心做轉型，從較低端的船舶運送業邁向高端海運服務業等知識經濟產業，包括：海事保險服務、航運金融服務、海事法律與仲裁服務、航運諮詢和研究服務、船舶管理服務、船舶經紀服務、船舶檢驗及公證服務、船舶修理服務等高附加價值的航運服務業。藉由發展高端航運服務業，支撐整體航運產業鏈發展。此外，2021年後疫情時代，人工智慧(AI)在海運之運用亦為高端航運服務業所積極研發之領域。 緣此，本計畫將蒐集高端航運服務業定義及發展資料、分析臺灣高端航運服務業供需面現況，以及評估臺灣發展高端海運服務業之關鍵因素及面臨之挑戰，提出具有前瞻性、整體性之政策性及可行性分析報告。Marine industry in Taiwan is mainly concentrated in shipping and port services. The services are deprived from the demand for cargo shipping and port operation. However, facing more intense competition in the global market, strengthening the marine professional service can support the port-and-shipping sector. For this reason, the "maritime professional business services (MPBS)" came into being, aiming to break through the traditional dilemma and enhance the competitiveness of the industry. Strengthening the service chain in the shipping industry and developing the high-end shipping service industry with high value-added can boost the development potential and influence of Taiwan's overall shipping industry. Based on the literature discussion and the suggestions of experts and scholars, the MPBS is defined as: “applying the nine shipping industries such as Shipbroking, Maritime insurance, Maritime law, Ship finance, Classification, Ship management, Accounting, Consulting, and Education, which contains the characteristics of high-tech and knowledge-intensive, at the core of the industry chain, and high gross value added (GVA)." The project also focuses on the application and innovation of emerging technologies in high-end shipping service industry. This project collects public and private sectors’ qualitative data on the development of the "9+1" MPBS through literature review, questionnaire surveys, and symposium. The conclusion is that the “4+1” MPBS that currently has potential for development is marine insurance, maritime law, education, ship management and emerging technologies. The recommendations are as follows: in the marine insurance aspect, the state should establish an independent P&I Club under policy guidance; in the maritime law aspect, the state should formulate maritime law development strategies such as the mechanism of incorporation into domestic law, high-level judicial systems, and assistance in civil participating in CMI; in the education aspect, the state should support maritime education schools and colleges, hiring non-doctoral or master level professionals, and actively developing offshore wind power to train related talents; in the ship management aspect, the state should simplify and relax restrictions on crew members of various nationalities, strengthen maritime training programs, and encourage the establishment of subsidiaries; in the emerging technologies aspect, the public and private sectors should make good use of technological soft power, improve laws and regulations related to emerging technologies, and strengthen the application of emerging technologies to maritime education and teacher training.
High-end Maritime Industry