羅欽順思想究竟屬於朱子理學還是氣學，對此議題學界意見頗為分歧；也的確羅欽順既以氣為本體， 又屢屢提及「理一分殊」等較接近理學脈絡之文字，看似有所矛盾。本計畫便擬由此點切入，探究羅 欽順思想在理氣論、心性論及工夫論上，其實有其一致之傾向：論理氣羅欽順強調「理氣一貫而不同 一」，並重視氣之理一；論心性則主張心、性同屬一心又有體、用之分，同樣重視道心之性；於是修 養工夫便主張透過「格物」、「克己節欲」、「重敬」等工夫，來返回那具足、至善的氣之理一和道心之 性。本計畫也擬比較羅欽順雖以氣為本體，但其主張返回氣一之理的思維，並不同於其他氣學家如王 廷相主張發展、反對回歸的思想，實屬明清氣學的另一思想進路。相信透過本計畫分析羅欽順氣學的 特殊之處及定位，將使吾人更能掌握明清氣學的整體脈絡。 Academics are hard to reach a consensus on Luo Qin-shun’s theory is a part of Neo-Confucianism, or a part of Qi theory. This research project will discover the consistent context in Luo Qin-shun’s Qi theory. For example, Luo Qin-shun had advocated the principle of qi and qi are intimate but not the same thing, and he had valued the principle more than manifestations. He had also emphasized the distinction between dao-xin(道心) and ren-xin(人心), and he also had valued the importance of dao-xin(道心). Therefore Luo Qin-shun had paid more attention to the theories of self-cultivation, which were focused on how to return the principle of qi and dao-xin(道心), such as to investigate things, to abandon desires, and to respect. “Returning” and “developing” are different aspects between Luo Qin-shun and Wang Ting-Xiangs’ Theory, and it had indicated the particularity of Luo Qin-shun’s philosophy.
Theory of Qi
principle with many manifestations
distinction between dao-xin(道 心) and ren-xin(人心)
theory of self-cultivation