|Title:||Fish Catch Is Related to the Fluctuations of a Western Boundary Current||Authors:||Oey, Lie-Yauw
|Keywords:||EAST CHINA SEA;MACKEREL SCOMBER-JAPONICUS;KUROSHIO ONSHORE INTRUSION;TRACHURUS-JAPONICUS;NORTH PACIFIC;GULF-STREAM;DECADAL VARIABILITY;FRONTAL EDDY;SHELF BREAK;GROWTH||Issue Date:||Mar-2018||Publisher:||AMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC||Journal Volume:||48||Journal Issue:||3||Start page/Pages:||705-721||Source:||Journal of Physical Oceanography||Abstract:||
In eastern boundary upwelling ecosystems, substantial variance of biological productivity (similar to 50%) can often be related to physical forcing such as winds and ocean temperatures. Robust biophysical connections are less clear-cut in western boundary currents. Here the authors show that interannual variation of fish catch along the western boundary current of the North Pacific, the Kuroshio, significantly correlates (r = 0.67; p < 0.001) with the current's off-slope (more fish) and on-slope (less fish) sideways shifts in the southern East China Sea. Remotely, transport fluctuations and fish catch are related to the oscillation of a wind stress-curl dipole in the tropical-subtropical gyre of the western North Pacific. Locally, the current's sideways fluctuations are driven by transport fluctuations through a feedback process between along-isobath pressure gradients and vertical motions: upwelling (downwelling) during the off-slope (on slope) shift, which in turn significantly enhances (depresses) the chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) concentration in winter and early spring. The authors hypothesize that changes in the phytoplankton biomass as indicated by the Chl-a lead to changes in copepodites, the main food source of the fish larvae, and hence also to the observed variation in fish catch.
|Appears in Collections:||15 LIFE ON LAND|
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