|Title:||Cloning of cDNA for thyroid stimulating hormone β sub-unit and changes in activity of the pituitary-thyroid axis during silvering of the Japanese eel, Anguilla japonica||Authors:||Han, Y.S.
|Issue Date:||2004||Publisher:||Journal of Molecular Endocrinology||Start page/Pages:||32, pp.179-194||Abstract:||
The purposes of this study were: (1) to clone the cDNA encoding pituitary thyroid-stimulating hormone beta subunit (TSH beta) of the Japanese eel, Anguilla japonica, together with its genomic DNA sequence, for phylogenetic analysis, and to study the regulation of the TSH beta gene expression in cultured pituitaries; and (2) to investigate the transcript levels of pituitary TSH beta mRNA and the serum thyroxine profiles at different stages of ovarian development before and during silvering in the wild female eels. The maturity of female eels was divided into four stages, juvenile, sub-adult, pre-silver, and silver, based on skin color and oocyte diameter. The genomic DNA of the TSH beta subunit contains two introns and three exons, and the TSH beta protein possesses a putative signal peptide of 20 amino acids and a mature peptide of 127 amino acids. The amino acid sequence identities of TSH beta mature peptide of Japanese eel compared with those of teleosts and other vertebrates are: European eel (98.4%), salmonids (60.6-61.3%), carps (52.0-56.7%), sturgeon (48.4%), and tetrapods (42.9-45.2%). In in vitro studies of the regulation of TSH beta mRNA it was found that thyrotropin-releasing hormone increased while thyroxine decreased its expression. RT-PCR and real-time quantitative PCR analysis showed that the transcript levels of TSH beta subunit increased during eel silvering. The serum thyroxine levels also increased in parallel with TSH beta mRNA expression during silvering, supporting the hypothesis that the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis is correlated to silvering in the wild female Japanese eels.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋中心|
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