|Title:||Dietary Administration of Novel Multistrain Probiotics from Healthy Grouper Intestines Promotes the Intestinal Immune Response against NNV Infection||Authors:||Joe, Joan Tang Xiao
Sung, Henry Tan Shi
|Keywords:||DIGESTIVE-TRACT;GUT MICROBIOME;VIRUS;FISH;BETANODAVIRUS;BACTERIA;ISOTYPE;GROWTH;LARVAE;TROUT||Issue Date:||Oct-2021||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||11||Journal Issue:||10||Source:||LIFE-BASEL||Abstract:||
Epinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) is a high-value cultured species in the Asia-Pacific region. However, nervous necrosis virus (NNV) is an infectious viral disease that affects over 120 species of marine cultured species and causes high mortality, ranging from 90-100% in the grouper industry. Probiotics isolated from the intestines of healthy individuals have provided insight into novel approaches involved in the defense against viral pathogens. In this study, we isolated three strains of bacteria as candidate probiotics from healthy grouper intestines and a 28-day feeding trial was performed. At day 21, the nervous necrosis virus (NNV) challenge test was conducted for 7 days to evaluate the antiviral effect of candidate probiotics. The results showed that candidate probiotics could improve growth conditions, such as weight gain (WG) and specific growth rate (SGR), and increase the utilization of feed. Furthermore, the candidate probiotic mixture had the ability to protect against NNV, which could decrease the mortality rate by 100% in giant grouper after NNV challenge. Subsequently, we analyzed the mechanism of the candidate probiotic mixture's defense against NNV. A volcano plot revealed 203 (control vs. NNV), 126 (NNV vs. probiotics - NNV), and 5 (control vs. probiotics - NNV) differentially expressed transcripts in intestinal tissue. Moreover, principal components analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis heatmap showed large differences among the three groups. Functional pathway analysis showed that the candidate probiotic mixture could induce the innate and adaptive immunity of the host to defend against virus pathogens. Therefore, we hope that potential candidate probiotics could be successfully applied to the industry to achieve sustainable aquaculture.
|Appears in Collections:||水產養殖學系|
14 LIFE BELOW WATER
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