|Title:||Diel to Seasonal Variation of Picoplankton in the Tropical South China Sea||Authors:||Chen, Tzong-Yueh
|Keywords:||PHYTOPLANKTON SIZE STRUCTURE;EQUATORIAL PACIFIC;NORTH-ATLANTIC;COMMUNITY STRUCTURE;PICOPHYTOPLANKTON DYNAMICS;HETEROTROPHIC ACTIVITY;MARINE PICOPLANKTON;POPULATION-DYNAMICS;OPTICAL-PROPERTIES;GRAZING RATES||Issue Date:||21-Oct-2021||Publisher:||FRONTIERS MEDIA SA||Journal Volume:||8||Source:||FRONT MAR SCI||Abstract:||
Eight diel surveys on picoplankton (Prochlorococcus, Synechococcus, picoeukaryotes, and heterotrophic bacteria) abundance at the South East Asian Time-Series Station (SEATS; 18 degrees N; 116 degrees E) were conducted during the period of 2010 to 2014. The results indicated that Prochlorococcus and picoeukaryotes showed a subsurface maximum in warm seasons (spring, summer, and fall) and were abundant at the surface in the cold season (winter). Synechococcus and heterotrophic bacteria exhibited higher cell numbers at the surface and decreased with depth throughout the year. Although not all, some clear diel patterns for picoplankton were observed. Picophytoplankton usually peaked in the nighttime; picoeukaryotes peaked at ~7 to 8 p.m., followed by Synechococcus (peaking at 1 a.m.) and Prochlorococcus (peaking at 2 a.m.). Unlike these picoautotrophs, heterotrophic bacteria could peak either at dusk (i.e., 7 p.m.) or at noon. Seasonally, Prochlorococcus was more abundant in the warm than the cold seasons, while Synechococcus and picoeukaryotes showed blooms in the winter of 2013 and 2011, respectively. Heterotrophic bacteria showed no significant seasonality. Regression analysis indicated that ~73% of the diel-to-seasonal variation of the euphotic zone depth-integrated picophytoplankton biomass (i.e., PicoB(eu)) could be explained by the changes of the mixed-layer depth (MLD), and this suggested that inorganic nutrient supply could be the major controlling factor in their growth. The strong linear relationship (coefficient of determination, R-2 of 0.83, p < 0.01) between sea surface temperature (SST) and PicoB(eu) implied, for the first time, a potential of using satellite-based SST to trace the biomass of picophytoplankton in the pelagic areas of the northern South China Sea.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋環境與生態研究所|
13 CLIMATE ACTION
14 LIFE BELOW WATER
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