|Title:||Distribution of Geochemical Species of P, Fe and Mn in Surface Sediments in the Eutrophic Estuary, Northern Taiwan||Authors:||Fang, Tien-Hsi
|Keywords:||AUTHIGENIC APATITE FORMATION;EAST CHINA SEA;MARINE-SEDIMENTS;PHOSPHORUS SPECIATION;SEQUENTIAL EXTRACTION;SURFICIAL SEDIMENTS;CHEMICAL SPECIATION;INORGANIC NITROGEN;SEASONAL-VARIATION;DIFFERENT FORMS||Issue Date:||Nov-2021||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||13||Journal Issue:||21||Source:||WATER-SUI||Abstract:||
The Danshuei River Estuary (DRE) in northern Taiwan is a seriously eutrophic estuary due to the domestic effluent discharge. Surface sediment samples were collected from the DRE to study the concentrations and spatial distributions of different fractions of phosphorus through the five-step sequential extraction method which chemically divides the sedimentary P into five fractions: P-SORB, P-CDB, P-CFA, P-DET, and P-ORG. The Fe and Mn contents in the extracted solution were also determined. The total organic carbon (TOC) and grain size in sediment samples were analyzed as well. The sedimentary total P (TP) concentrations ranged within 537-1310 mg/kg and mostly exceeded 800 mg/kg, suggesting that the DRE sediments were moderately polluted by phosphorus. The P-CDB was the dominant fraction of P, averagely contributing 58% of TP, followed by P-DET 31%. The contributions of the P-SORB and P-CFA fractions to the TP were relatively minor. Two fractions, Fe-CDB and Fe-ORG,Fe- of sedimentary Fe equally shared approximately 70% of total Fe, followed by Fe-DET with 22%. The contribution of different fractions of sedimentary Mn followed the sequence: Mn-CDB (36%) > Mn-CFA (29%) > Mn-ORG (14.7%) > Mn-DET (14.5%) > Mn-SORB (5.3%). The sedimentary P, Fe, and Mn within the DRE are easily mobilized because they were mainly present in the reducible fraction. The concentrations of sedimentary TP positively correlated with the TOC contents and inversely negatively correlated with grain size, suggesting that the TOC and grain size play the crucial roles in influencing the distribution of sedimentary P within the DRE. Finally, the Fe(III) (hydro)oxides seems to play an important carriers to adsorb dissolved P because P-CDB positively correlated with Fe-CDB.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋環境資訊系|
14 LIFE BELOW WATER
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.