|Title:||FUSE binding protein FUBP3 is a potent regulator in Japanese encephalitis virus infection||Authors:||Xu, Peng
|Keywords:||UNTRANSLATED REGION;DENGUE VIRUS;RNA-SYNTHESIS;C-MYC;REPLICATION;TRANSLATION;TRANSACTIVATOR;INTERACTS;ELEMENTS;CELLS||Issue Date:||18-Nov-2021||Publisher:||BMC||Journal Volume:||18||Journal Issue:||1||Source:||VIROL J||Abstract:||
Background The JEV genome is a positive-sense RNA with a highly structured capped 5 ' UTR, 3 ' UTR and a large open reading frame. 3 ' UTR is the untranslated region of flavivirus and has various important functions during viral replication, such as translation, replication and encapsidation. During viral replication, the 3 ' UTR interacts with viral proteins and host proteins and is required for viral RNA replication and translocation. Methods The expression level of FUBP3 was knocked down by siRNA and Flag-tagged FUBP3 overexpression plasmid was constructed for overexpression. BHK-21 cells were cultured and infected with JEV to investigate the functional role of FUBP3 in the viral infection cycle. Subcellular localization of FUBP3 and viral replication complexes was observed by dual immunofluorescence staining. Results Four host proteins were specifically associated with the 3 ' UTR of JEV, and FUBP3 was selected to further investigate its potential functional role in the JEV infection cycle. Knockdown of FUBP3 protein resulted in a significant decrease in JEV viral titer, whereas ectopic overexpression of FUBP3 resulted in increased JE viral infectivity. In cells stably knocked down for FUBP3 and then infected with JEV, we found almost no detectable viral NS5 protein. In contrast, when cells stably knocking-down of FUBP3 overexpressed FUBP3, we found a significant increase in viral RNA production over time compared to controls. We also demonstrated that FUBP3 re-localized in the cytoplasm after infection with JEV and co-localized with viral proteins. Exogenous overexpression of FUBP3 was also shown to be located in the JE replication complex and to assist viral replication after JEV infection. Conclusions The overall results suggest that FUBP3 regulates RNA replication of JEV and promotes subsequent viral translation and viral particle production.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋生物科技學士學位學程(系)|
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