|Title:||Pathogenic fungi of marine animals: A taxonomic perspective||Authors:||Pang, Ka-Lai
Hassett, Brandon T.
Chiang, Michael Wai-Lun
Jones, E. B. Gareth
|Keywords:||BLACK GILL DISEASE;LEVEL PHYLOGENETIC CLASSIFICATION;OCHROCONIS-HUMICOLA INFECTION;LOGGERHEAD SEA-TURTLE;MANGROVE-LAND CRAB;LITOPENAEUS-VANNAMEI;TURSIOPS-TRUNCATUS;GAMMARUS-DUEBENI;CARETTA-CARETTA;ENTEROCYTOZOON-HEPATOPENAEI||Issue Date:||Dec-2021||Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD||Journal Volume:||38||Start page/Pages:||92-106||Source:||FUNGAL BIOL REV||Abstract:||
Fungi cause diseases in a variety of marine animal hosts. After a thorough review of published literature, we identified 225 fungal species causing infections of 193 animal species, for a total of 357 combinations of pathogenic fungi and marine animal hosts. Among the 193 animal host species, Chordata (100 species, 51.8 %) and Arthropoda (68 species, 35.2 %) were discovered to be the most frequently reported hosts of fungal pathogens. Microsporidia (111 species, 49.3 %) constitutes over half of the described pathogenic fungal species of marine animals, followed by Ascomycota (85 species, 37.8 %), Mucoromycota (22 species, 9.8 %), Basidiomycota (6 species, 2.7 %) and Chytridiomycota (1 species, 0.4 %). Microsporidia primarily parasitize marine arthropods and Teleostei fish, while Basidiomycota are primarily known to cause respiratory diseases of marine mammals. Ascomycota has a diverse host range, from mammals, fish, crustaceans, soft corals and sea turtle. Few Mucoromycota and Chytridiomycota were reported to infect marine animals. Fungal diseases documented in this review likely represent a fraction of fungal diseases in the ocean, where it was estimated to be inhabited by 2.15 million animal species. Intensification of aquaculture practices, global warming and marine pollution may increase fungal disease outbreak of marine animals. All the topics mentioned above will be discussed in greater details in this review. (c) 2021 British Mycological Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋生物研究所|
11 SUSTAINABLE CITIES & COMMUNITIES
13 CLIMATE ACTION
14 LIFE BELOW WATER
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