|Title:||Effect of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Cycle on the Catches and Habitat Patterns of Three Swimming Crabs in the Taiwan Strait||Authors:||Naimullah, Muhamad
|Keywords:||PORTUNUS-SANGUINOLENTUS HERBST;CLIMATE-CHANGE;DECAPODA BRACHYURA;POPULATION-STRUCTURE;SEXUAL-MATURITY;COASTAL WATERS;LIFE-HISTORY;MUD CRAB;TEMPERATURE;VARIABILITY||Issue Date:||12-Oct-2021||Publisher:||FRONTIERS MEDIA SA||Journal Volume:||8||Source:||FRONT MAR SCI||Abstract:||
The swimming crabs is a crucial predator species in benthic habitats and a high value in commercial fishery industries in subtropical and tropical Asia. The climate variability caused by El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events has substantial impacts on the catch and habitat of this species. In this study, a weighted habitat suitability index (HSI) model was constructed using logbooks and voyage data records from Taiwanese crab vessels (2013-2019) with the addition of environmental variables to examine the influence of ENSO events on catch rates (CRs) and habitat suitability for Charybdis feriatus, Portunus pelagicus, and Portunus sanguinolentus in the Taiwan Strait (TS). The autumn (September-October) is the major fishing season for catching these three swimming crab species in the TS. A high CR of P. sanguinolentus was observed across the TS, whereas high CRs of P. pelagicus and C. feriatus were recorded in areas in the southern and northern TS, respectively, during autumn. Moreover, the CRs for C. feriatus and P. pelagicus were higher (>7.0 and >8.0 kg/h) during La Nina events, with the increase being more than 40.0% compared with the CRs under normal and El Nino events in autumn. For P. sanguinolentus, the CRs were higher during both La Nina and El Nino events (>8.0 kg/h) compared with normal years. The high CRs for C. feriatus and P. sanguinolentus during autumn in La Nina years co-occurred with high sea temperature and low salinity, whereas the high CR of P. pelagicus co-occurred with high sea temperature and high salinity. Furthermore, the high CRs for C. feriatus and P. pelagicus were observed in areas with high HSI in the La Nina years but were distributed more widely with a lower HSI during normal and El Nino years. The low CRs for C. feriatus and P. pelagicus during normal and El Nino years and the low CR for P. sanguinolentus in normal years during autumn were highly consistent with substantial shrinkage of suitable habitats. Our findings suggest that ENSO events strongly affected the catch and habitat suitability of C. feriatus, P. pelagicus, and P. sanguinolentus during autumn in the TS.
|Appears in Collections:||13 CLIMATE ACTION|
14 LIFE BELOW WATER
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