|Title:||Wind Features Extracted from Weather Simulations for Wind-Wave Prediction Using High-Resolution Neural Networks||Authors:||Chih-Chiang Wei||Keywords:||wave height;wind field;convolution operation;recurrent operation;feature extraction;typhoon||Issue Date:||Nov-2021||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||9||Journal Issue:||11||Source:||Artificial Intelligence in Marine Science and Engineering||Abstract:||
Nearshore wave forecasting is susceptible to changes in regional wind fields and environments. However, surface wind field changes are difficult to determine due to the lack of in situ observational data. Therefore, accurate wind and coastal wave forecasts during typhoon periods are necessary. The purpose of this study is to develop artificial intelligence (AI)-based techniques for forecasting wind-wave processes near coastal areas during typhoons. The proposed integrated models employ combined a numerical weather prediction (NWP) model and AI techniques, namely numerical (NUM)-AI-based wind-wave prediction models. This hybrid model comprising VGGNNet and High-Resolution Network (HRNet) was integrated with recurrent-based gated recurrent unit (GRU). Termed mVHR_GRU, this model was constructed using a convolutional layer for extracting features from spatial images with high-to-low resolution and a recurrent GRU model for time series prediction. To investigate the potential of mVHR_GRU for wind-wave prediction, VGGNet, HRNet, and Two-Step Wind-Wave Prediction (TSWP) were selected as benchmark models. The coastal waters in northeast Taiwan were the study area. The length of the forecast horizon was from 1 to 6 h. The mVHR_GRU model outperformed the HR_GRU, VGGNet, and TSWP models according to the error indicators. The coefficient of mVHR_GRU efficiency improved by 13% to 18% and by 13% to 15% at the Longdong and Guishandao buoys, respectively. In addition, in a comparison of the NUM-AI-based model and a numerical model simulating waves nearshore (SWAN), the SWAN model generated greater errors than the NUM-AI-based model. The results of the NUM-AI-based wind-wave prediction model were in favorable accordance with the observed results, indicating the feasibility of the established model in processing spatial data.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋環境資訊系|
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