|Title:||Involvement of Transforming Growth Factor Beta Family Genes in Gonadal Differentiation in Japanese Eel, Anguilla japonica, According to Sex-Related Gene Expressions||Authors:||Lin, Chien-Ju
|Keywords:||ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE;PROTANDROUS BLACK PORGY;SOMA-DERIVED-FACTOR;SEXUALLY DIMORPHIC EXPRESSION;TILAPIA OREOCHROMIS-NILOTICUS;TELEOST FISH;GERM-CELL;TESTIS DIFFERENTIATION;INHIBITING SUBSTANCE;DETERMINING REGION||Issue Date:||Nov-2021||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||10||Journal Issue:||11||Source:||CELLS-BASEL||Abstract:||
The gonochoristic feature with environmental sex determination that occurs during the yellow stage in the eel provides an interesting model to investigate the mechanisms of gonadal development. We previously studied various sex-related genes during gonadal sex differentiation in Japanese eels. In the present study, the members of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) superfamily were investigated. Transcript levels of anti-Mullerian hormone, its receptor, gonadal soma-derived factor (amh, amhr2, and gsdf, respectively) measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) showed a strong sexual dimorphism. Transcripts were dominantly expressed in the testis, and their levels significantly increased with testicular differentiation. In contrast, the expressions of amh, amhr2, and gsdf transcripts were low in the ovary of E2-feminized female eels. In situ hybridization detected gsdf (but not amh) transcript signals in undifferentiated gonads. amh and gsdf signals were localized to Sertoli cells and had increased significantly with testicular differentiation. Weak gsdf and no amh signals were detected in early ovaries of E2-feminized female eels. Transcript levels of amh and gsdf (not amhr2) decreased during human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)-induced spermatogenesis in males. This study suggests that amh, amhr2, and especially gsdf might be involved in the gene pathway regulating testicular differentiation of Japanese eels.
|Appears in Collections:||水產養殖學系|
05 GENDER EQUALITY
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