|Title:||Development of an in vitro tissue culture system for hammer coral (Fimbriaphyllia ancora) ovaries||Authors:||Chiu, Yi-Ling
|Issue Date:||21-Dec-2021||Publisher:||NATURE PORTFOLIO||Journal Volume:||11||Journal Issue:||1||Source:||SCIENTIFIC REPORTS||Abstract:||
In vitro gonad culture systems have proven useful to investigate intrinsic mechanisms of sexual reproduction in animals. Here we describe development of an in vitro culture method for coral ovaries. Mesenterial tissues containing both ovaries and mesenterial filaments were microscopically isolated from the scleractinian coral, Fimbriaphyllia ancora, and culture conditions were optimized. M199 diluted 10x (10% M199, pH 8.1) and supplemented with 25 mM HEPES and the antibiotics, ampicillin, penicillin and streptomycin, supported oocyte survival and maintained the structural integrity of ovaries during short-term culture (similar to 6 days). Addition of a commercial antibiotic-antimycotic solution (Anti-Anti) and fetal bovine serum adversely affected ovary maintenance and caused tissue disintegration. Characterization of cultured ovaries showed that there is no difference in cell proliferation of ovarian somatic cells between culture Days 1 and 6. Moreover, the presence of oogonia and expression of a major yolk protein, vitellogenin, were confirmed in ovaries cultured for 6 days. This system will be useful for studying effects of a wide range of substances on coral oogenesis.
|Appears in Collections:||水產養殖學系|
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