|Title:||Demographics of Scomberomorus commerson in the Central Taiwan Strait||Authors:||Weng, Jinn-Shing
|Keywords:||BARRED SPANISH MACKEREL;COASTAL WATERS;SOUTH-AFRICA;GROWTH;AGE;LACEPEDE;FISH;MORTALITY;LENGTH;PARAMETERS||Issue Date:||Dec-2021||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||9||Journal Issue:||12||Source:||J MAR SCI ENG||Abstract:||
The narrow-barred Spanish mackerel Scomberomorus commerson is an economically essential species; however, few studies have investigated its demographic structure in the northwestern Pacific, which includes Taiwan's waters. This study examined the growth parameters, age composition, mortality, and sex ratio of S. commerson catches by examining sagittal otoliths and other biological data collected in a 3-year project from June 2018 to June 2021. The transverse sections of sagittal otoliths exhibited alternating translucent and opaque zones, in annual cycles, and this observation was validated by otolith edge analysis. Opaque zones began to form in October; the growth peaked in December and lasted until March. Growth parameters were estimated for female (L-infinity = 144.1 cm fork length [FL], k = 0.39 y(-1), t(o) = -0.85 y) and male (L-infinity = 136.0 cm FL, k = 0.32 y(-1), t(o) = -1.49 y) specimens. The maximum recorded FL, body weight, and age were 159.0 cm, 27 kg, and 9.2 y for female and 135.0 cm, 17.8 kg, and 7.2 y for male specimens. Rapid growth was observed for both sexes, with FL reaching 66.8 +/- 14.2 cm in female specimens and 70.1 +/- 11.0 cm in male specimens during the first year of life. An age-length key based on the direct otolith aging and FL dataset (N = 646) was used to estimate the age composition of 3-year catches measured at landing (N = 16,133). The results verified that the S. commerson currently caught in the central Taiwan Strait are mainly young fish aged 1(+) to 2(+) y. The estimated fishing mortality (0.27 y(-1)) and exploitation rate (0.30) suggested that overfishing was not occurring in this stock. The findings of this study have helped clarify the population dynamics of the S. commerson in the Taiwan Strait, and the biological parameters reported herein can aid the management and conservation to ensure the sustainability of this species in this region.
|Appears in Collections:||05 GENDER EQUALITY|
14 LIFE BELOW WATER
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