|Title:||The Characteristics and Expression Profile of Transferrin in the Accessory Nidamental Gland of the Bigfin Reef Squid during Bacteria Transmission||Authors:||Li, Hau-Wen
|Keywords:||LOLIGO-FORBESI CEPHALOPODA;VIBRIO-FISCHERI;PHYLOGENETIC CHARACTERIZATION;SYMBIOTIC BACTERIA;PEALEI CEPHALOPODA;EPIBIOTIC BACTERIA;SERUM TRANSFERRIN;HOST;IRON;IDENTIFICATION||Issue Date:||27-Dec-2019||Publisher:||NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP||Journal Volume:||9||Source:||SCI REP-UK||Abstract:||
The accessory nidamental gland (ANG) is a female reproductive organ found in most squid and cuttlefish that contains a consortium of bacteria. These symbiotic bacteria are transmitted from the marine environment and selected by the host through an unknown mechanism. In animals, a common antimicrobial mechanism of innate immunity is iron sequestration, which is based on the development of transferrin (TF)-like proteins. To understand this mechanism of host-microbe interaction, we attempted to characterize the role of transferrin in bigfin reef squid (Sepioteuthis lessoniana) during bacterial transmission. qPCR analysis showed that Tf was exclusively expressed in the outer layer of ANG,and this was confirmed by in situ hybridization, which showed that Tf was localized in the outer epithelial cell layer of the ANG. Western blot analysis indicated that TF is a soluble glycoprotein. Immunohistochemical staining also showed that TF is localized in the outer epithelial cell layer of the ANG and that it is mainly expressed in the outer layer during ANG growth. These results suggest that robust Tf mRNA and TF protein expression in the outer layer of the ANG plays an important role in microbe selection by the host during bacterial transmission.
|Appears in Collections:||水產養殖學系|
05 GENDER EQUALITY
14 LIFE BELOW WATER
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