|Title:||Satellite Observations of Typhoon-Induced Sea Surface Temperature Variability in the Upwelling Region off Northeastern Taiwan||Authors:||Kuo, Yi-Chun
|Keywords:||UPPER OCEAN RESPONSE;EAST CHINA SEA;WIND-STRESS;FLUX;KUROSHIO||Issue Date:||Oct-2020||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||12||Journal Issue:||20||Source:||REMOTE SENS-BASEL||Abstract:||
Typhoon-induced cooling in the cold dome region off northeastern Taiwan has a major influence on ocean biogeochemistry. It has previously been studied using numerical models and hydrographic observations. Strong cooling is related to upwelling of the Kuroshio subsurface water accompanied by the westward intrusion of the continental shelf by Kuroshio water. By employing satellite observations, local measurements, and a reanalysis of model data, this study compared 18 typhoon-induced sea surface temperature (SST) responses in the cold dome region and determined that SST responses can differ dramatically depending on the relative location of a typhoon path, the Kuroshio Current, and the topography off northeastern Taiwan. The results indicated that local westward and northward wind stress is positively correlated with upwelling intensity. Decreased northward transport in the Taiwan Strait created a condition that favored the Kuroshio intrusion, thus, the typhoon-induced change in Taiwan Strait transport was also positively correlated with the intensity of cooling. However, the strength of Ekman pumping was weakly correlated with the intensity of SST cooling. Nevertheless, Ekman pumping helped reduce the cover of warm water, facilitating the intrusion of the Kuroshio Current.
|Appears in Collections:||13 CLIMATE ACTION|
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