|Title:||Analysis of Meteorological Conditions on Riverbed Dust Aerosol in Taiwan||Authors:||Tsai, Fujung
|Keywords:||ASIAN DUST;PARTICULATE MATTER;KUISEB RIVER;EMISSION;CLIMATE;TRANSPORT;EPISODES;PM10||Issue Date:||Jan-2022||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||13||Journal Issue:||1||Source:||ATMOSPHERE-BASEL||Abstract:||
Extremely high concentrations of dust particles are occasionally generated from the riverbeds of Taiwan, affecting the visibility and traffic safety of the local and nearby areas. The condition is most severe during the winter monsoon when surface wind is strong. This study analyzes the concentration of particulate matter of 10 mu m or less (PM10), wind direction, wind speed, temperature, and humidity of riverbed stations adjacent to the Daan, Dajia, Dadu, Zhuoshui, and Beinan Rivers in Taiwan for a period of two years. The weather conditions that cause the high concentration of PM10 are classified into typhoon and non-typhoon types, and the latter type is further classified into three stages: ahead of front, ahead of anticyclone, and behind anticyclone. The associated meteorological influences of these weather types on high-concentration events in the riverbed are explored. The monitoring data show that the hourly PM10 concentration of the four riverbed stations exceeded 125 mu g m(-3) for 35-465 h per year, and the maximum PM10 in the Daan (and Dajia), and Zhuoshui Rivers was more than 800 mu g m(-3). Weather analysis showed that the extreme PM10 concentration on the riverbed was caused by weather types: typhoon and ahead of anticyclone, in which the peak hourly concentration reached average values of more than 600 and 400 mu g m(-3), respectively. The high PM10 caused by the typhoon type mainly occurred in October, with an average wind speed of 6 m s(-1), high temperature of 25 degrees C, and mostly northeasterly winds. The ahead of anticyclone type mainly occurred in December, with an average wind speed of 5 m s(-1), and northeasterly and northwesterly winds. Both weather types of riverbed events were observed during the daytime, especially at noon time, when strong wind speed, high temperature, and low relative humidity is favorable for riverbed dust generation. On the other hand, the main months of the high PM10 concentrations of the ahead of front and behind anticyclone stages are February and April. The peak PM10 concentrations of these two types of riverbed events are both about 300 mu g m(-3), but sporadic riverbed dust in these weather stages is mixed with Asian dust or pollution transported to the rivers through weak northwesterly and northeasterly winds. The high concentrations of these two types of riverbed events can occur at any time; but for the Dadu River, the high concentrations are often observed in the morning, when land breezes from the southeast bring local pollutants to the river.
|Appears in Collections:||11 SUSTAINABLE CITIES & COMMUNITIES|
13 CLIMATE ACTION
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