|Title:||(-)-Agelasidine A Induces Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-Dependent Apoptosis in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma||Authors:||Lu, I-Ta
|Keywords:||SPONGE;BIOLOGY||Issue Date:||Feb-2022||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||20||Journal Issue:||2||Source:||MAR DRUGS||Abstract:||
Liver cancers, such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), are a highly prevalent cause of cancer-related deaths. Current treatments to combat liver cancer are limited. (-)-Agelasidine A, a compound isolated from the methanol extract of Agelas nakamurai, a sesquiterpene guanidine derived from sea sponge, has antibacterial activity. We demonstrated its anticancer capabilities by researching the associated mechanism of (-)-agelasidine A in human liver cancer cells. We found that (-)-agelasidine A significantly reduced viability in Hep3B and HepG2 cells, and we determined that apoptosis was involved in the (-)-agelasidine A-induced Hep3B cell deaths. (-)-Agelasidine A activated caspases 9, 8, and 3, as well as PARP. This effect was reversed by caspase inhibitors, suggesting caspase-mediated apoptosis in the (-)-agelasidine A-treated Hep3B cells. Moreover, the reduced mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and the release of cytochrome c indicated that the (-)-agelasidine A-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis was mechanistic. (-)-Agelasidine A also increased apoptosis-associated proteins (DR4, DR5, FAS), which are related to extrinsic pathways. These events were accompanied by an increase in Bim and Bax, proteins that promote apoptosis, and a decrease in the antiapoptotic protein, Bcl-2. Furthermore, our results presented that (-)-agelasidine A treatment bridged the intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathways. Western blot analysis of Hep3B cells treated with (-)-agelasidine A showed that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-related proteins (GRP78, phosphorylated PERK, phosphorylated eIF2 alpha, ATF4, truncated ATF6, and CHOP) were upregulated. Moreover, 4-PBA, an ER stress inhibitor, could also abrogate (-)-agelasidine A-induced cell viability reduction, annexin V+ apoptosis, death receptor (DR4, DR5, FAS) expression, mitochondrial dysfunction, and cytochrome c release. In conclusion, by activating ER stress, (-)-agelasidine A induced the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways of human HCC.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋生物科技學士學位學程(系)|
03 GOOD HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
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