|Title:||A First Insight Into the Heat-Induced Changes in Proteomic Profiles of the Coral Symbiotic Bacterium Endozoicomonas montiporae||Authors:||Chan, Ya-Fan
|Keywords:||Endozoicomonas montiporae;differentially expressed proteins;heat stress;coral lysate;coral symbiont||Issue Date:||14-Feb-2022||Publisher:||FRONTIERS MEDIA SA||Journal Volume:||9||Source:||FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE||Abstract:||
Endozoicomonas, a core bacterial group in corals, may also be a coral symbiont. Endozoicomonas communities often decrease rapidly in corals under heat stress. However, how the bacteria respond to changes in temperature and coral host during heat stress is unknown. Here, we employed the cultivable, dominant species E. montiporae as a working organism to explore how Endozoicomonas responds to heat stress. We designed two experiments to clarify the extent to which E. montiporae is influenced by temperature and coral host. We detected differentially expressed protein (DEP) profiles in this bacterium at 31 and 33 degrees C compared to 25 degrees C by tandem mass tags-based quantitative proteome analysis. Fifty DEPs, including many heat shock proteins, were detected when the temperature changed. The expression of antioxidant defense proteins and key pyruvate synthase proteins decreased, suggesting that E. montiporae were in a physiology of stress at 33 degrees C. Furthermore, some proteins were differentially expressed because of the heat-stress-treated coral lysate specifically, suggesting that not only heat but also heat-induced host factors can affect the protein expression of the bacterium. This study provides an in-depth analysis of how the molecular mechanisms of Endozoicomonas are affected by heat stress and coral host.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋環境與生態研究所|
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