|Title:||Bioaccumulation of arsenic and immunotoxic effect in white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) exposed to trivalent arsenic||Authors:||Liao, Zhen-Hao
|Keywords:||NONSPECIFIC IMMUNE-RESPONSES;LITOPENAEUS-VANNAMEI;PROPHENOLOXIDASE SYSTEM;PHAGOCYTIC-ACTIVITY;COPPER-SULFATE;HEAVY-METALS;TOXICITY;WATER;SUSCEPTIBILITY;ARSENOBETAINE||Issue Date:||Mar-2022||Publisher:||ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD||Journal Volume:||122||Start page/Pages:||376-385||Source:||FISH SHELLFISH IMMUN||Abstract:||
Trivalent arsenic (As (III)) contamination in the marine environment can produce adverse effects in crustaceans. The present study investigated the chronic toxicity of As (III) in white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) by analyzing the tissue bioaccumulation and non-specific immune responses. Shrimps were exposed to 0 (control), 50, 500, and 2500 mu g/L of As (III) for 21 days. The results showed that the hepatopancreas was the main tissue of arsenic accumulation in white shrimp. The cumulative concentration of total arsenic and inorganic arsenic but not arsenobetaine was positively correlated with the exposure concentration. In vitro As (III) treatment (0-2500 mu g/ L) with haemocytes isolated from healthy shrimp did not cause the cytotoxicity, but this arsenic treatments inhibited the phagocytic rate and O-2(-)& nbsp;production. Moreover, the decrease of total haemocyte count and the inhibition of phagocytic rate, phagocytic index, O-2(-) production and phenoloxidase activity were observed in white shrimp under the exposure of As (III) over a period of 21 days. This study revealed that chronic As (III) stress could disturb arsenic metabolism and immune responses in P. vannamei.
|Appears in Collections:||水產養殖學系|
14 LIFE BELOW WATER
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