|Title:||Population Genetic Differentiation on the Hydrothermal Vent Crabs Xenograpsus testudinatus along Depth and Geographical Gradients in the Western Pacific||Authors:||Yang, Chien-Hui
Ng, Peter Kee Lin
Chan, Benny Kwok Kan
|Keywords:||population connectivity;deep-sea;shallow waters||Issue Date:||1-Mar-2022||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||14||Journal Issue:||3||Source:||DIVERSITY-BASEL||Abstract:||
Connectivity in deep-sea organisms must be considered across both depth gradient and horizontal geographical scales. The depth-differentiation hypothesis suggests that strong environmental gradients (e.g., light, temperature, pressure) and habitat heterogeneity in the deep-sea can create selection pressure, and this can result in genetic population divergence. The hydrothermal vent crab Xenograpsus testudinatus (Xenograpsidae) is common in vents at Kueishan Island, Taiwan, ranging from 10 to about 300 m depths. Xenograpsus testudinatus has also been found in shallow water vents (3-20 m) at Kagoshima and the Izu archipelago of Japan. We examine the sequence divergences in the mitochondrial COI, 16S rRNA and D-loop genes, to test the hypothesis that there is significant genetic differentiation among populations of X. testudinatus along the depth gradient at Kueishan Island (30, 200, 209-224 and 250-275 m), and among different geographical regions (Kueishan, Kagoshima and the Izu archipelago) in the West Pacific. There is neither significant population differentiation among shallow or deep-sea vents, nor between geographical locations. Vertical migration of zoea, upwelling on the eastern coast of Taiwan and the strong effect of the Kuroshio Currents has probably resulted in a high level of planktonic larval dispersal of X. testudinatus along the depth and geographical gradients in the Western Pacific.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋生物研究所|
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