|Title:||Effect of Kera-Stim (R) 50, a feed additive containing free amino acid mix on growth, antioxidant and immune responses, digestive enzymes, and fatty acid composition in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)||Authors:||Wangkahart, Eakapol
|Keywords:||MEAL-BASED DIETS;HIGH-OLEIC-ACID;GENE-EXPRESSION;SEA-BASS;TAURINE SUPPLEMENTATION;JUVENILE BARRAMUNDI;LINOLENIC ACID;RED DRUM;FISH;PROTEIN||Issue Date:||30-Mar-2022||Publisher:||ELSEVIER||Journal Volume:||551||Source:||AQUACULTURE||Abstract:||
An eight-week study was conducted to investigate the effects of Kera-Stim (R) 50, a feed additive containing free amino acid mix (KFAAs) on the growth performance, biochemical parameters, innate immune responses, muscle composition, digestive enzyme activity, and muscle fatty acid composition of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Five diets were supplemented with KFAAs at 0% (KFAA0), used as a control group, 0.25% (KFAA0.25), 0.50% (KFAA0.50), 0.75% (KFAA0.75), and 1.0% (KFAA1.0). Compared with the control group, we observed significant improvements in final body weight, weight gain, specific growth rate, average daily gain, protein efficiency ratio, and feed conversion ratio among fish fed diets with increasing KFAA contents in the diets (P < 0.05), especially for the groups that had more than 0.5% KFAAs in the feed. Concurrently, innate immunity parameters such as lysozyme, myeloperoxidase, catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase were mostly higher in the groups fed with more than 0.75% KFAAs in the diet (P < 0.05). The activities of digestive enzymes including amylase, protease, and lipase were enhanced by the addition of KFAAs in the feed (P < 0.05). Strikingly, significantly higher contents of monounsaturated fatty acids (mainly oleic acid (C18:1n9c)) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (especially linoleic acid (C18:2n6c) and alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3n3) were found in the muscle tissue of fish fed diets containing 0.75% and 1% KFAAs (P < 0.05). We concluded that the addition of at least 0.5% KFAAs can benefit the growth of Nile tilapia, and supplementation with 0.75-1.0% KFAAs can improve the immunity, antioxidant ability, digestibility, and muscle fatty acid composition of Nile tilapia.
|Appears in Collections:||水產養殖學系|
03 GOOD HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
14 LIFE BELOW WATER
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.