|Title:||Phosphate affects susceptivity of Sarcodia suae to arsenate||Authors:||Halog Libatique, Mary Joy
|Keywords:||WATER GREEN-ALGA;CHLORELLA SP;ACCUMULATION;SPECIATION;TOXICITY;PHOSPHORUS;GROWTH;METABOLISM;SUIAE;BIOTRANSFORMATION||Issue Date:||Apr-2023||Publisher:||TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD||Source:||EUR J PHYCOL||Abstract:||
Algal susceptivity to inorganic arsenate As(V) is linked to the plant nutrient phosphate due to their similar uptake processes. This study determines the response of Sarcodia suae to three phosphate concentrations (1, 10 and 20 mg l(-1)) when exposed to As(V) (0, 250 mu g l(-1)) for 7 days. The parameters measured include growth, pigments (Chlorophyll a (Chl a), allophycocyanin (APC), phycocyanin (PC), phycoerythrin (PE), total phycobiliproteins (TPBP) and carotenoids), inorganic arsenic (iAs), and total arsenic (TAs) uptake behaviour and bioaccumulation capacity. The growth rate showed significant differences among treatments. Significantly higher levels of pigments including Chl a and carotenoids were observed with an increase in external phosphate concentrations. On the other hand, APC, PC, PE and TPBP showed no significant differences among treatments. The trend of iAs and TAs uptake when phosphate is high suggests competition between phosphate and As(V) as is evident from the reduction of uptake with increased phosphate. The depletion of phosphate and As(V) in the medium also suggests accumulation by the algae. In addition, S. suae was considered an As accumulator but not a hyperaccumulator as defined on its bioaccumulation capacity of 48 and 97 mg kg(-1) of iAs and TAs, respectively. Overall, these findings suggest that environmental factors including levels of phosphate have a key role in developing effective As bioremediation in the environment. Highlights Phosphate in Sarcodia suae probably regulates arsenic uptake. Photosynthetic pigments can be linked to competitive mechanisms of As(V). The red alga Sarcodia suae is a candidate for As wastewater treatments by Bioconcentration Factor analysis.
|Appears in Collections:||水產養殖學系|
06 CLEAN WATER & SANITATION
15 LIFE ON LAND
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