|Title:||Assessing the effect of probiotics on tilapia lake virus-infected tilapia: Transmission and immune response||Authors:||Yang, Ying-Fei
|Keywords:||DIGESTIVE ENZYME-ACTIVITIES;GROWTH-PERFORMANCE;NILE TILAPIA;OREOCHROMIS-NILOTICUS;BACILLUS-SUBTILIS;DIETARY SUPPLEMENTATION;DISEASE RESISTANCE;GENE-EXPRESSION;RAINBOW-TROUT;ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS||Issue Date:||Aug-2022||Publisher:||WILEY||Journal Volume:||45||Journal Issue:||8||Start page/Pages:||1117-1132||Source:||J FISH DIS||Abstract:||
Probiotics have been used to alleviate disease transmission in aquaculture. However, there are limited studies on probiotic use in modulating tilapia lake virus (TiLV). We assessed commercially available probiotic supplements used in TiLV-infected tilapia and performed mortality and cohabitation assays. We developed a mechanistic approach to predict dose-response interactions of probiotic effects on mortality and immune gene response. We used a susceptible-infected-mortality disease model to assess key epidemiological parameters such as transmission rate and basic reproduction number (R-0) based on our viral load dynamic data. We found that the most marked benefits of probiotics are significantly associated with immune system enhancements (similar to 30%) and reductions in disease transmission (similar to 80%) and R-0 (similar to 70%) in tilapia populations, resulting in a higher tolerance of farming densities (similar to 400 fold) in aquaculture. These findings provide early insights as to how probiotic use-related factors may influence TiLV transmission and the immune responses in TiLV-infected tilapia. Our study facilitates understanding the mode of action of probiotics in disease containment and predicting better probiotic dosages in diet and supplements to achieve the optimal culturing conditions. Overall, our analysis assures that further study of rationally designed and targeted probiotics, or mechanistic modelling is warranted on the basis of promising early data of this approach.
|Appears in Collections:||食品安全與風險管理研究所|
03 GOOD HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
14 LIFE BELOW WATER
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