|Title:||Synchronous millennial surface-stratified events with AMOC and tropical dynamic changes in the northeastern Indian Ocean over the past 42 ka||Authors:||Liu, Shengfa
|Keywords:||WESTERN EQUATORIAL PACIFIC;ASIAN SUMMER;ANDAMAN SEA;PLANKTONIC-FORAMINIFERA;MONSOON VARIABILITY;NORTH-ATLANTIC;SCALE CHANGES;ARABIAN SEA;WARM POOL;ICE-AGE||Issue Date:||15-May-2022||Publisher:||PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD||Journal Volume:||284||Source:||QUATERNARY SCI REV||Abstract:||
The ocean heat content (OHC) and associated surface stratification in tropical oceans are ideal variables to monitor global climate change. However, the variations in surface stratification of the tropical Indian Ocean at the millennial time scale have been less understood. In this context, the present study aimed at reconstructing the sea surface temperature (SST) and thermocline water temperature (TWT) using Mg/Ca of planktonic foraminifera in the sediments of the Andaman Sea, which is one of the hot centers in the Indo-Pacific warm pool (IPWP) over the past 42 ka. The study results confirm the SST changes are consistent in response to the high-latitude temperature records with strong sub-orbital and millennial variations, while the TWT patterns trend remarkably different from the millennial-scale SST and show the variations correspond to the natural summer insolation that triggers the latitudinal movements of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Furthermore, salinity influences the thermal differences (DT1/4SST-TWT) by varying the vertical temperature and stratification. Analysis of available data shows that the mean northward position of ITCZ would input more freshwater into the Andaman Sea. Freshwater lids can reduce mixing by acting as effective barriers and preventing heat from transferring from the surface to the subsurface, thereby causing subsurface cooling and increased stratification. In contrast, more southward ITCZ (boreal winter monsoon) supplies less freshwater into the Andaman Sea. A highly saline surface water and air cooling promotes mixing and subsurface warming, resulting in decreased stratification. The study results reveal a millennial-scale vertical thermal seesaw synchronizing in the tropical Indian Ocean with abrupt Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) changes. During the Bolling-Allerod (B/A) warming period, the dynamic AMOC maintains the surface water stratification by controlling the subsurface cooling processes with increased precipitation and freshwater brought by the northward ITCZ. In contrast, Younger Dryas (YD) and Heinrich events (H) are characterized by reduced summer monsoon precipitation associated with the sluggish AMOC and southward ITCZ, resulting in less stratification and subsurface warming in the Andaman Sea. The thermal proxy records adopted in the study afford robust evidence on the millennial-scale variability in surface stratification driven synchronously by AMOC and regional evaporation vs. precipitation changes in the tropical Indian Ocean, offering new insights into the impacts of the IPWP OHC on abrupt climate changes. (c) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Appears in Collections:||地球科學研究所|
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