|Title:||Short- and Long-Range Cation Disorder in (AgxCu1–x)2ZnSnSe4 Kesterites||Authors:||Shaham Quadir
Aswin kumar Anbalagan
Suneesh Meledath Valiyaveettil
|Issue Date:||Jul-2022||Publisher:||ACS Publications||Journal Volume:||34||Journal Issue:||15||Start page/Pages:||7058–7068||Source:||Chemistry of Materials||Abstract:||
Understanding the nature of and controlling the cation disorder in kesterite-based absorber materials remain a crucial challenge for improving their photovoltaic (PV) performances. Herein, the combination of neutron diffraction and synchrotron-based X-ray absorption techniques was implemented to investigate the relationships among cation disorder, defect concentration, overall long-range crystallographic order, and local atomic-scale structure for (AgxCu1–x)2ZnSnSe4 (ACZTSe) material. The joint Rietveld refinement technique was used to directly reveal the effect of cation substitution and quantify the concentration of defects in Ag-alloyed stoichiometric and nonstoichiometric Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe). The results showed that 10%-Ag-alloyed nonstoichiometric ACZTSe had the lowest concentration of detrimental antisite CuZn defects (∼8 × 1019 defects per cm–3), which was two times lower than pristine and five times lower than the stoichiometric compositions. Moreover, Ag incorporation maintained the concentrations of beneficial Cu vacancies (VCu) and antisite ZnCu defects to >2 × 1020 defects per cm–3. X-ray absorption measurements were performed to verify the degree of disorder through the changes in bond length and coordination number. Therefore, the incorporation of Ag into the CZTSe lattice could control the distribution of antisite defects, in the form of short- and long-range site disorder. This study paves the way to systematically understand and further improve the properties of kesterite-based materials for different energy applications.
|Appears in Collections:||光電與材料科技學系|
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