|Title:||Blood Reflux-Induced Epigenetic Factors HDACs and DNMTs Are Associated with the Development of Human Chronic Venous Disease||Authors:||Shun-Fu Chang
|Keywords:||DISTURBED FLOW;LEG ULCERS;HISTONE DEACETYLASES;DNA METHYLATION;THROMBOEMBOLISM;MICRORNA-10A;ENDOTHELIUM;METABOLISM;EXPRESSION;ACID||Issue Date:||Oct-2022||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||23||Journal Issue:||20||Source:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES||Abstract:||
Blood reflux and metabolic regulation play important roles in chronic venous disease (CVD) development. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) and DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) serve as repressors that inhibit metabolic signaling, which is induced by proatherogenic flow to promote aortic endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction and atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to elucidate the relationship between blood reflux and epigenetic factors HDACs and DNMTs in CVD. Human varicose veins with different levels of blood reflux versus normal veins with normal venous flow were examined. The results show that HDAC-1, -2, -3, -5, and -7 are overexpressed in the endothelium of varicose veins with blood reflux. Blood reflux-induced HDACs are enhanced in the varicose veins with a longer duration time of blood reflux. In contrast, these HDACs are rarely expressed in the endothelium of the normal vein with normal venous flow. Similar results are obtained for DNMT1 and DNMT3a. Our findings suggest that the epigenetic factors, HDACs and DNMTs, are induced in venous ECs in response to blood reflux but are inhibited in response to normal venous flow. Blood reflux-induced HDACs and DNMTs could inhibit metabolic regulation and promote venous EC dysfunction, which is highly correlated with CVD pathogenesis.
|Appears in Collections:||生命科學暨生物科技學系|
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