|Title:||Global Trends and Characteristics of Offshore Wind Farm Research over the Past Three Decades: A Bibliometric Analysis||Authors:||Chen, Chia-Hsiang
|Keywords:||offshore wind farm;renewable energy;bibliometric analysis||Issue Date:||1-Oct-2022||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||10||Journal Issue:||10||Source:||JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING||Abstract:||
Offshore wind power is a valuable renewable energy source. However, the development of offshore wind farms is facing many challenges, including understanding their impacts on ecosystems and society, as well as knowledge gaps in research. In this study, a bibliometric analysis was performed with the aim of providing a comprehensive understanding of current global progress in offshore wind farm research. Three stages of development were considered for the analysis and comparison of research characteristics and outcomes. Based on the total number of scientific publications and the international collaboration ratio (ICR), Europe has been leading research in and the development of offshore wind power since the early 1990s. However, a fast-growing period of offshore wind farm development occurred after 2000, during which Europe and Asia in particular showed increases in ICR. The installation of offshore wind turbines may have non-negligible adverse impacts on marine ecosystems, especially in ecologically vulnerable regions or developing countries. Research and relevant studies should be integrated to investigate and reduce the ecological and environmental damage that results from offshore wind farm development. This paper presents a systematic evaluation of the global developmental trends in offshore wind farm research, which could help to characterize and guide future trends within this field.
|Appears in Collections:||環境生物與漁業科學學系|
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