|Title:||A study of students' learning perceptions and behaviors in remote STEM programming education||Authors:||Su, Yu-Sheng
|Keywords:||remote STEM programming;STEM education;learning performance;learning perceptions;learning behaviors||Issue Date:||6-Oct-2022||Publisher:||FRONTIERS MEDIA SA||Journal Volume:||13||Source:||FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY||Abstract:||
In recent years, STEM education has developed students' fundamental subject knowledge, and has allowed students to integrate STEM cross-domain knowledge. Universities emphasize innovative thinking, practice and application, problem-solving, and teamwork to nurture students while learning STEM cross-domain knowledge development in remote STEM program education. When students take online STEM programs, they may encounter unanswered questions and may give up on trying to solve them. Therefore, this study proposed a problem-based learning approach with an online programming system integrated into an online STEM programming course. To help students solve the past programming assignments, the assignments were simplified, decomposed, and reorganized. The teacher guided the students to understand the STEM programming problems and taught them to use appropriate problem-solving skills to motivate them to complete the STEM programming assignments. The experiment was conducted with students in an online STEM programming course at a university in northern Taiwan. In the experimental activities, we used a problem-based learning approach for the online STEM programming activity. The problem-based learning method can be divided into four steps, namely stating the problem, understanding the problem, developing a solution plan, and executing the plan, reflecting, and debugging. This study used a problem-based learning approach and an online programming system integrated into a STEM programming curriculum to explore the differences in students' perceptions of STEM learning, learning outcomes, and learning behaviors. The experimental results found a significant difference between students' prior knowledge and learning outcomes. Students showed significant gains in learning the STEM programming content using the problem-based learning approach and the online programming system. In the analysis of their STEM learning perceptions, we found that there were significant differences in students' responses for each dimension. This shows that using the problem-based learning approach with the online programming system helped students learn the course content. The analysis of students' behaviors in answering the STEM programming assignments indicated that some students had the habit of taking notes. This helped them to easily associate and integrate STEM cross-domain knowledge with what they had learned in the online course, and enhanced their ability to implement STEM programs. In addition, students could take the initiative and focus on repeatedly watching the teacher solve the material in the online course. Students could try different solving plans to pass the code validation of the STEM programming assignments. This revealed that students wanted to complete the STEM programming assignments to achieve good learning performance.
|Appears in Collections:||資訊工程學系|
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