|Title:||Theoretical and Experimental Adsorption of Silica Gel and Activated Carbon onto Chlorinated Organic Compounds in Water: A Case Study on the Remediation Assessment of a Contaminated Groundwater Site||Authors:||Chen, Hung-Yu
|Keywords:||chlorinated organic compounds;silica gel;activated carbon;adsorption;Langmuir and Freundlich prediction||Issue Date:||1-Dec-2022||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||12||Journal Issue:||23||Source:||APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL||Abstract:||
Chlorinated organic compounds (COCs) are a serious threat to human health and the ecological environment due to their toxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity. A number of corresponding treatment techniques have been developed thus far; among these techniques, adsorption is considered an efficient and low-cost method. However, it is very important to find suitable and economical adsorbent types and usage amounts. In this study, the adsorption of trichloroethylene (TCE) and perchloroethylene (PCE) onto two different adsorbents (silica gel and activated carbon) was investigated, and the obtained adsorption constants were then introduced into Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models. The adsorption isotherm constants of these two models were used to predict the adsorbate removal efficiency and the required adsorbent mass. The results showed that the Langmuir and Freundlich models predicted the removal efficiency and adsorbent quality of the TCE and PCE adsorbed onto silica gel and activated carbon, and the errors were less than 10% compared with the measured values obtained through adsorption experiments. According to the differences in adsorption efficiency and cost between silica gel and activated carbon, it was found that, when the adsorption efficiency of the silica gel for TCE and PCE significantly decreased, adding activated carbon to continue the adsorption effectively reduced the adsorption cost of on-site remediation. This result was demonstrated by taking the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) pollution incident in Taiwan as an example, and it was estimated that 6427 +/- 172 tons and 343 +/- 21 tons of silica gel and activated carbon, respectively, would be required for the on-site remediation of TCE, and the total cost would be approximately 4,390,000 USD. The remediation of PCE would require 7553 +/- 57 tons of silica gel and 350 +/- 68 tons of activated carbon, with a total cost of approximately 5,030,000 USD. Therefore, silica gel should be used to reduce the pollutant concentration first, and then activated carbon should be added for continuing adsorption. This method of adding adsorbents is economical and can effectively reduce the adsorption cost.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋環境資訊系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.