|Title:||Role of nutrients and temperature in shaping distinct summer phytoplankton and microzooplankton population dynamics in the western North Pacific and Bering Sea||Authors:||Liu, Kailin
|Keywords:||SUB-ARCTIC PACIFIC;GRAZING IMPACT;COMMUNITY STRUCTURE;GROWTH;EASTERN;OCEAN;PLANKTON;CLIMATE;BLOOMS;ZOOPLANKTON||Issue Date:||Jan-2023||Publisher:||WILEY||Journal Volume:||68||Journal Issue:||3||Source:||Limnology and Oceanography||Abstract:||
Phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing are two critical processes in marine food webs, but they remain understudied in the vast area of the subarctic western Pacific and the Bering Sea. In this study, we measured phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing rates in these less-explored regions to demonstrate their spatial patterns and investigate underlying mechanisms driving the planktonic food web dynamics. Our results showed that the phytoplankton growth in these regions was determined by nutrient availability and temperature. In the high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll regions (HNLC), iron availability was the primary factor limiting phytoplankton growth. In contrast, phytoplankton growth in the Gulf of Anadyr and Kamchatka Strait was mainly limited by inorganic nitrogen exhausted by the summer blooms. We found that microzooplankton grazing rate was affected by temperature and prey availability, highlighting the positive effect of temperature. Strong top-down control on phytoplankton by microzooplankton in the Gulf of Anadyr and Kamchatka Strait indicated an active microbial food web with high turnover rates. In contrast, the decoupling of phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing in the HNLC regions illustrates a weak role of microzooplankton in the marine food web. These results indicated different food web structures in the areas with and without riverine iron input. By revealing the roles of temperature and nutrient or prey availability in regulating the spatial variability of plankton rates, we expect that the plankton will respond differently to ocean warming between the HNLC and coastal regions of the subarctic Pacific due to different nutrient conditions. Our study helps understand how marine plankton will respond to environmental changes at high latitudes.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋生物研究所|
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