|Title:||Population Genetic Analysis for Stock Enhancement of Silver Sea Bream (Rhabdosargus sarba) in Taiwan||Authors:||Hsu, Te-Hua
|Keywords:||MULTILOCUS GENOTYPE DATA;RESPONSIBLE APPROACH;MITOCHONDRIAL-DNA;CULTURED STOCKS;SPARUS-AURATA;WILD;DIVERSITY;RESTOCKING;FITNESS;FISH||Issue Date:||Jun-2020||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||5||Journal Issue:||2||Source:||FISHES-BASEL||Abstract:||
Stock enhancement is a method for replenishing depleted wild finfish populations by supplementing them with hatchery-raised fish. In Taiwan, silver sea bream (Rhabdosargus sarba) is a predominant commercial species involved in stock enhancement projects. Although management agencies conduct stock enhancement projects, there are a lot of private releases without records. Stock enhancement is performed by the private aquaculture sector without accurate genetic records, potentially leading to unintended consequences for wild populations. We analyzed the genetics of 459 wild and 701 hatchery-reared specimens from nine batches produced by various hatcheries. Wild and hatchery-reared samples could be considered two separate clades by using a set of stable and informative microsatellite markers including type I (from gene introns and 30 UTR) and type II markers (randomly picked up from genome). Type I microsatellite markers could more sensitively reflect the loss of genetic diversity more than type II markers in the domestication process. All specimens were considered native by using mtDNA COI and microsatellites. The genetic composition of the wild population is relatively simple, and the estimated low contribution rate of the hatchery stock (1.3-10.9%; 6-50/459) indicated a weak but significant genetic effect of stock enhancement. Therefore, establishing standards for the stock enhancement of silver sea bream for more e ffective supplementation of wild populations is imperative.
|Appears in Collections:||水產養殖學系|
14 LIFE BELOW WATER
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