|Title:||Development of Disease-Resistance-Associated Microsatellite DNA Markers for Selective Breeding of Tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) Farmed in Taiwan||Authors:||Chen, Che-Chun
Pham, Hong Nhat
|Keywords:||NECROSIS VIRUS IPNV;LYMPHOCYSTIS DISEASE;DIFFERENT HEPCIDINS;EXPRESSION ANALYSIS;GROWTH-PERFORMANCE;VIBRIO-VULNIFICUS;LINKAGE MAP;NILOTICUS;GENE;MODULATION||Issue Date:||Jan-2022||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||13||Journal Issue:||1||Source:||GENES-BASEL||Abstract:||
There are numerous means to improve the tilapia aquaculture industry, and one is to develop disease resistance through selective breeding using molecular markers. In this study, 11 disease-resistance-associated microsatellite markers including 3 markers linked to hamp2, 4 linked to hamp1, 1 linked to pgrn2, 2 linked to pgrn1, and 1 linked to piscidin 4 (TP4) genes were established for tilapia strains farmed in Taiwan after challenge with Streptococcus inae. The correlation analysis of genotypes and survival revealed a total of 55 genotypes related to survival by the chi-square and Z-test. Although fewer markers were found in B and N2 strains compared with A strain, they performed well in terms of disease resistance. It suggested that this may be due to the low potency of some genotypes and the combinatorial arrangement between them. Therefore, a predictive model was built by the genotypes of the parental generation and the mortality rate of different combinations was calculated. The results show the same trend of predicted mortality in the offspring of three new disease-resistant strains as in the challenge experiment. The present findings is a nonkilling method without requiring the selection by challenge with bacteria or viruses and might increase the possibility of utilization of selective breeding using SSR markers in farms.
|Appears in Collections:||水產養殖學系|
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