|Title:||China's historical record when searching for tropical cyclones corresponding to Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) shifts over the past 2 kyr||Authors:||Chen, Huei-Fen
|Keywords:||NORTH-ATLANTIC OSCILLATION;SOUTHERN-OSCILLATION;NORTHEASTERN TAIWAN;STORM FORMATION;EL-NINO;TYPHOON;CLIMATE;VARIABILITY;GUANGDONG;PACIFIC||Issue Date:||13-Feb-2019||Publisher:||COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH||Journal Volume:||15||Journal Issue:||1||Start page/Pages:||279-289||Source:||CLIM PAST||Abstract:||
The northwestern Pacific Ocean and South China Sea are where tropical cyclones occur most frequently. Many climatologists also study the formation of Pacific Ocean warm pools and typhoons in this region. This study collected data of paleotyphoons found in China's official historical records over the past 2000 years that contained known typhoon activity reports. The collected data are then subjected to statistical analyses focusing on typhoon activity in coastal regions of southeastern China to garner a better understanding of the long-term evolution of moving paths and occurrence frequency, especially regarding those typhoons making landfall in mainland China. We analyzed the data with the year and month of each typhoon event, as well as the number of events in a 10-year period. The result shows that (1) north-southward migration of typhoon paths corresponds to the north-southward migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) during the Medieval Warm Period (MWP) and Little Ice Age (LIA) and (2) paleotyphoons made landfall in mainland China 1 month earlier during the MWP than during the LIA. This implies a northward shift in ITCZ during the MWP. Typhoons tend to make landfall in Japan during El Nino-like periods and strike the southern coastal regions of China during La Nina-like stages. According to paleo-typhoon records over the last 2000 years, typhoons made landfall in southeastern China frequently around 490-510, 700-850, and after 1500 CE The number of typhoons striking Guangdong Province peaked during the coldest period in 1660-1680 CE; however, after 1700 CE, landfall has migrated farther north. The track of tropical cyclones (TCs) in the northwestern Pacific Ocean is affected by the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), which shows a nearly 30-year and a 60-year cycle during the LIA.
|Appears in Collections:||地球科學研究所|
13 CLIMATE ACTION
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