|Title:||An Assessment of Factors Related to Ocean Literacy Based on Gender-Invariance Measurement||Authors:||Liang-Ting Tsai
|Keywords:||FIT INDEXES;SCIENCE;ACHIEVEMENT;ATTITUDES;MODEL;SENSITIVITY;WALK||Issue Date:||Oct-2019||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||16||Journal Issue:||19||Source:||INT J ENV RES PUB HE||Abstract:||
This study sought to gain a more comprehensive understanding of how the factors of parental education level and student attitude toward the ocean influence the ocean literacy of students in Taiwan after establishing measurement invariance across genders. The analyzed data were collected from self-reported questionnaires filled out by students aged 16-18 years old. The students' ocean literacy was used as the outcome variable, while parental education level and student attitude toward the ocean were employed as the independent variables. The effects of parental education level and student attitude toward the ocean on ocean literacy were estimated with a multi-group structural equation model. Of the final total of 945 valid respondents in this study, 58.1% were male and 41.9% were female. The results from the multiple-group analysis supported measurement invariance across the genders. After establishing gender invariance, it was further found that higher degrees of parental education level and student attitude toward the ocean were positively related to ocean literacy. A considerable contribution was detected between parental education level and ocean literacy that was indirectly related through student attitude toward the ocean in the female student.
|Appears in Collections:||04 QUALITY EDUCATION|
05 GENDER EQUALITY
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.