|Title:||Periodic Orbits of Nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equations Computed by a Boundary Shape Function Method||Authors:||Liu, Chein-Shan
|Keywords:||nonlinear dynamical system;periodic problem;periodic orbits;boundary shape function method;iterative algorithm||Issue Date:||1-Jul-2022||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||14||Journal Issue:||7||Source:||SYMMETRY-BASEL||Abstract:||
In the paper, we determine the period of an n-dimensional nonlinear dynamical system by using a derived formula in an (n + 1)-dimensional augmented space. To form a periodic motion, the periodic conditions in the state space and nonlinear first-order differential equations constitute a special periodic problem within a time interval with an unknown length. Two periodic problems are considered: (a) boundary values are given and (b) boundary values are unknown. By using the shape functions, a boundary shape function method (BSFM) is devised to obtain an initial value problem with the initial values of the new variables given. The unknown terminal values of the new variables and period are determined by two iterative algorithms for the case (a) and one iterative algorithm for the case (b). The periodic solutions obtained from the BSFM satisfy the periodic conditions automatically. For the numerical example, the computed order of convergence displays the merit of the BSFM. For the sake of comparison, the iterative algorithms based on the shooting method for cases (a) and (b) were developed by directly implementing the Poincare map into the fictitious time-integration method to determine the period. The BSFM is better than the shooting method in terms of convergence speed, accuracy, and stability.
|Appears in Collections:||海洋中心|
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